YOUR WELL MAINTENANCE PLAN
Well & Septic Inspection
Your water well and septic system are the most important "appliances" of your home. Protect your investments with regular inspection, water testing, repairing components when necessary, and maintaining your water treatment devices.
Visually inspect your wellhead several times a year. Check the condition of the well covering, casing, and well cap to make sure all are in good repair, leaving no cracks or other entry points for potential pollutants. Have the well system, including the pump, storage tank, pipes, valves, and water flow inspected every 10 years by a qualified well contractor. If you have no inspection record and cannot determine the age of the well, have it inspected immediately by a water well professional. To locate a water well professional in your area contact your state water well or groundwater association and view our information sheet on Selecting a Well Contractor.
Just like your well, you should inspect the septic tank each year for capacity and leaks. Have your tank pumped out as needed, usually every three to five years, based on the number of people in the household and the size of the tank. Repair the tank or drainfield system as needed to prevent leaks of bacteria and nutrients into groundwater. Contact your septic service professional for further assistance and read our information sheet on Septic Systems. If you need assistance in locating a professional, check your local yellow pages or yellowpages.com for Septic Service.
Testing Your Water
Private well owners are solely responsible for the quality of their drinking water. So it is up to you, the well owner, to decide when and how to test your water. However, annual water testing is extremely important to help protect you and your family.
At a minimum, you should test your water every year for bacteria, the most common water quality problem. Other tests may be required, depending on where you live and what is located near your water well. Test more than once a year in special situations: someone in the household is pregnant or nursing; there are unexplained illnesses in the family; your neighbors find a dangerous contaminant in their water; or there is a spill of chemicals or fuels into or near your well. For additional guidance on Well Water Testing view our information sheet on this topic.
Visit our Water Testing by State or Province page to locate a certified water testing laboratory in your area.
Contact your local health department, cooperative extension service office, state environmental agency or the wellcare® hotline at 888-395-1033 for additional water testing recommendations.
Maintain Your Water Treatment
It is important to note that most well water is a safe, reliable drinking water source for you and your family. Water treatment may not be necessary. Some contaminants may be more of a "cosmetic" issue (odor, discoloration, etc.) and may not present any health risks. Test your water before installing any water treatment device.
If you have water treatment, follow the inspection and maintenance schedule provided by your water treatment device manufacturer or water treatment professional. If you need assistance in locating a water treatment professional contact the wellcare® Hotline at 888-395-1033 or click here.
There's more! Continue reading about Well Maintenance and view additional topics about your well.